Internal medicine doctors utilize extensive training and knowledge of the human body to assist patients by diagnosing and treating an array of health concerns and complex conditions. The goals of internal medicine are to identify, treat, and prevent illness and disease in adults. When rare or odd diseases are faced, internists are frequently called upon to perform the diagnosis and treat the condition. They frequently act as primary care physicians as well.
An internist is trained to treat the entire person in addition to whatever medical issue he or she is currently dealing with. They can care for simple and complex conditions, common or rare. Internists are also trained to address the diagnosing of an especially strange or puzzling illness. Those affected by multiple conditions will also want to work with an internist. Patient education about the conditions whether it is a substance abuse problem, women’s health issue, a mental health condition, or a reproductive health problem is very important to an internist. These doctors will also continue to see the same patients during their entire lives. They can consult with other specialists when a situation arises such as if a female patient decides to become pregnant and needs an obstetrician.
Frequently, a subspecialty is pursued in addition to acquiring general medical knowledge. There are 13 areas of study which are a part of internal medicine:
This training is referred to as a fellowship and usually requires an additional one to three years of advanced study.